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  • Lisa Atkins

Demystifying Anxiety Disorders: Unveiling the Different Types of Anxiety Disorders

what helps anxiety attacks

Hey there! Welcome to an article that dives deep into the world of anxiety disorders. Anxiety is a common experience, but when it becomes chronic and starts interfering with our daily lives, it may be an anxiety disorder. In this article, we'll explore the various types of anxiety disorders, their symptoms, and most importantly, effective coping strategies to help you navigate through these challenges. So, let's jump right in!

What Are Anxiety Disorders?

Anxiety disorders are more than just feeling worried or nervous. They are a group of mental health conditions characterized by excessive and persistent feelings of fear, apprehension, and unease. These disorders can significantly impact your thoughts, emotions, and physical well-being. Let's take a closer look at some of the most common anxiety disorders:

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is like having a constant companion of worry and fear. It's the kind of anxiety that seems to seep into every aspect of your life, making you feel on edge and excessively worried about everyday matters. Let me share a story about our client Heidi, who battled GAD and found effective coping strategies to manage it.

Heidi's journey with GAD started during her college years. She was an ambitious student with high aspirations, but as her workload increased, so did her anxiety. She would spend countless nights lying awake, her mind racing with "what ifs" and worst-case scenarios. Whether it was an upcoming exam, a presentation, or even meeting new people, Heidi couldn't shake off the overwhelming sense of worry that consumed her.

Her anxiety began to impact her daily life. She found it challenging to focus on her studies, and simple tasks became sources of immense stress. Social interactions became a minefield of self-doubt and fear of judgment. Heidi's relationships started to suffer as she would often cancel plans or avoid social gatherings altogether.

However, Heidi knew that she couldn't let anxiety control her life forever. She decided to seek help and started counseling at A Helping Hand of Wilmington with a compassionate and experienced counselor. Through cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), one of the most effective treatments for anxiety, Heidi learned to identify and challenge her negative thought patterns.

During one counseling session, Heidi's counselor encouraged her to analyze her worries and examine the evidence supporting them. Heidi realized that most of her fears were based on assumptions and unlikely scenarios. This exercise helped her gain a more realistic perspective and gradually reduce the intensity of her anxious thoughts.

In addition to counseling, Heidi discovered the power of self-care and lifestyle changes in managing her GAD. She incorporated regular exercise into her routine, which not only helped her release physical tension but also boosted her mood and overall well-being. Heidi also adopted relaxation techniques, such as practicing mindfulness meditation and deep breathing exercises, to calm her racing mind.

One of the most significant breakthroughs for Heidi was building a strong support system. She confided in her closest friends about her struggles, and they responded with empathy and understanding. They encouraged her to seek professional help and provided a safe space for her to express her fears and concerns. Heidi's friends became her pillars of strength, offering unwavering support during her journey to manage her anxiety.

Over time, Heidi's dedication to counseling, self-care, and support systems paid off. She learned to recognize her anxiety triggers and implement coping strategies effectively. Although she occasionally experiences bouts of anxiety, she now possesses the tools and resilience to navigate through them with confidence. If you resonate with Heidi's story, remember that there is hope and help available here at A Helping Hand of Wilmington.

Panic Disorder

Have you ever experienced sudden, intense waves of fear that seem to come out of nowhere? That's exactly what it feels like to have panic disorder. Let me share a story about Justin, a remarkable individual who faced the challenges of panic disorder head-on and discovered effective strategies to reduce the frequency and intensity of panic attacks and answers the question what helps anxiety attacks?

Justin's journey with panic disorder began during a particularly stressful period of his life. He was working a demanding job while juggling personal responsibilities, and the mounting pressure took a toll on his mental health. One day, without any warning, Justin experienced his first panic attack.

The intensity of the panic attack left Justin gasping for air, his heart pounding, and a sense of impending doom taking over. It was a terrifying experience that left him feeling utterly helpless and out of control. He couldn't understand why this was happening or how to prevent it from occurring again.

Seeking answers and support, Justin turned to a mental health professional specializing in anxiety disorders, here at A Helping Hand of Wilmington. Through therapy sessions, he gained a deeper understanding of panic disorder and learned techniques to manage his panic attacks.

One of the first strategies Justin explored was deep breathing exercises. By practicing slow, deep breaths during moments of heightened anxiety, he was able to regulate his breathing and calm his racing heart. This technique helped him regain a sense of control over his body, reducing the intensity of panic attacks.

Another powerful tool Justin discovered was cognitive restructuring. With the guidance of his counselor, he began challenging the catastrophic thoughts that often accompanied panic attacks. By replacing negative thoughts with more realistic and positive ones, Justin gradually reduced the frequency of panic attacks and regained a sense of empowerment.

In addition to therapy, Justin made important lifestyle changes that contributed to his overall well-being and helped manage panic disorder. Regular exercise became an integral part of his routine, as it not only provided physical benefits but also released endorphins, the body's natural mood enhancers.

Furthermore, Justin implemented relaxation techniques, such as progressive muscle relaxation and visualization exercises, to ease his anxiety. Engaging in activities he enjoyed, such as painting and writing, became a form of self-expression and a source of solace during challenging times.

Justin's support system also played a crucial role in his journey. His family and close friends provided unwavering encouragement and understanding, offering a safe space for Justin to express his fears and anxieties. Together, they explored different coping mechanisms and celebrated every small victory along the way.

Through his commitment to therapy, lifestyle changes, and the support of his loved ones, Justin experienced a significant reduction in the frequency and intensity of panic attacks. While occasional panic attacks still occurred, Justin had gained the tools and resilience to face them head-on. If you relate to Justin's story, know that you are not alone. Panic disorder is a formidable challenge, but there are effective strategies to help you manage it. We can help.

Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD)

Social Anxiety Disorder often makes social interactions feel like a nightmare. It's not just shyness; it's an intense fear of being judged, humiliated, or embarrassed in social situations. Let me introduce you to Aya, who battled social anxiety and discovered effective strategies to overcome her fears and find comfort in social settings.

Aya's struggle with social anxiety began during her teenage years. She would feel a tight knot in her stomach and a racing heart whenever she had to interact with others, even in casual conversations. Parties and gatherings became daunting experiences as she worried endlessly about saying or doing something that would make others think less of her.

These fears took a toll on Aya's self-confidence, and she found herself constantly avoiding social situations. She missed out on countless opportunities to connect with others and truly enjoy herself. However, deep down, she yearned to break free from the chains of social anxiety and experience the joy of genuine human connections.

Determined to overcome her fears, Aya sought guidance from a therapist at A Helping Hand of Wilmington who specialized in anxiety disorders. Together, they embarked on a journey of self-discovery and personal growth.

One of the first steps Aya took was to challenge her negative self-perceptions. With the help of her therapist, she began recognizing and questioning the harsh self-judgments that fueled her social anxiety. Through this process, Aya gradually learned to be kinder to herself, acknowledging that making mistakes or being less than perfect in social situations is part of being human.

Next, Aya worked on gradually exposing herself to social situations that triggered her anxiety. She started small, attending small gatherings with close friends or joining social clubs focused on her interests. Each successful experience bolstered her confidence and gradually expanded her comfort zone.

Another powerful strategy Aya employed was cognitive restructuring. She learned to challenge and reframe her negative thoughts about social interactions. Instead of assuming everyone was judging her negatively, she practiced replacing those thoughts with more realistic and positive ones. Over time, this cognitive shift helped her build a more positive self-image and alleviate her social anxiety.

In addition to therapy, Aya discovered the benefits of mindfulness and relaxation techniques. Deep breathing exercises and grounding techniques became her go-to tools whenever anxiety threatened to overwhelm her in social situations. By focusing on her breath and staying present in the moment, Aya found a sense of calm and regained control over her anxiety.

Aya's support system played an invaluable role in her journey toward overcoming social anxiety. Her close friends and family provided unwavering support, offering understanding and encouragement every step of the way. They attended social events with her, providing a sense of security and reinforcing the belief that she was not alone in her struggles.

With time and perseverance, Aya's efforts paid off. She gradually felt more at ease in social settings, enjoying meaningful conversations and forming new connections. While occasional bouts of anxiety still occurred, Aya had developed the resilience to face them head-on, armed with coping strategies and a newfound self-assurance.

If Aya's story resonates with you, know that there is hope. Social anxiety can be challenging, but with the right strategies and support, you can overcome its grip and find comfort in social interactions.

Specific Phobias

Fear of spiders, heights, or flying? Specific phobias are intense and irrational fears triggered by specific objects or situations. Let me introduce you to Jamal, who had a unique specific phobia, and through gradual exposure and various techniques, overcame his fear.

Jamal had an extreme fear of snakes. The mere sight or thought of a snake would send shivers down his spine and induce a sense of panic. Even pictures or videos of snakes would trigger an intense physical and emotional response. This fear limited his ability to enjoy outdoor activities and explore nature fully.

Determined to overcome his phobia, Jamal sought the help of a therapist who specialized in phobia treatment here at A Helping Hand of Wilmington. Together, they developed a gradual exposure plan tailored to his specific fear of snakes.

The first step in Jamal's exposure therapy was to confront his fear in a controlled and safe environment. With the guidance of his therapist, he began by looking at pictures of snakes and learning about their behavior and habitats. This initial exposure allowed Jamal to gain knowledge about snakes and challenge some of the misconceptions that fueled his fear.

As Jamal progressed, the next stage involved watching videos of snakes and observing them from a distance. This step helped him familiarize himself with their appearance and behavior without being directly in contact. It was challenging at first, but with each exposure session, Jamal's anxiety lessened, and he gained a greater sense of control.

The final and most challenging step was direct contact with snakes. Under the guidance of his therapist, Jamal visited a controlled environment, such as a reptile sanctuary, where he could safely interact with snakes. With each encounter, he gradually built up his tolerance and confidence.

During the exposure process, Jamal also learned relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing and visualization, to manage his anxiety. These techniques helped him stay calm and grounded during the exposure sessions, allowing him to confront his fear more effectively.

One crucial element of Jamal's success was the support he received from his friends and family. They understood the significance of his journey and provided encouragement and reassurance every step of the way. Their presence during exposure sessions provided a sense of safety and comfort, reinforcing the belief that he was not alone in his quest to conquer his specific phobia.

Over time, Jamal's exposure therapy and diligent practice paid off. He went from experiencing paralyzing fear at the sight of a snake to being able to handle them calmly and even appreciate their beauty. Jamal's triumph over his specific phobia not only transformed his relationship with snakes but also empowered him to face other fears with greater confidence.

If you can relate to Jamal's story, know that you, too, can conquer your specific phobia. Seek support from a mental health professional who specializes in phobia treatment here at A Helping Hand of Wilmington. Through gradual exposure, techniques to manage anxiety, and the support of loved ones, you can build resilience and reclaim control over your life.

Remember, specific phobias may seem insurmountable, but with dedication and the right strategies, you can break free from the grip of fear and experience a world where your specific phobia no longer holds you back. Embrace the journey and celebrate every step forward, for each one brings you closer to a life of freedom and courage.

Symptoms of Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety disorders can manifest through a range of physical, emotional, and cognitive symptoms. Here are some common signs to watch out for:

Physical Symptoms

Anxiety can wreak havoc on your body, causing symptoms like rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, trembling, sweating, and even digestive issues. You might feel like your body is in a constant state of alertness, ready for an imminent threat.

Emotional Symptoms

Feeling restless, irritable, or constantly on edge? These are typical emotional symptoms of anxiety disorders. You may also experience a sense of impending doom, difficulty concentrating, or persistent negative thoughts.

Cognitive Symptoms

Anxiety can significantly impact your thought patterns. You might find yourself constantly worrying, catastrophizing situations, or struggling with racing thoughts. These cognitive symptoms can be exhausting and overwhelming.

Effective Coping Strategies for Anxiety Disorders


Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), is one of the most effective treatments for anxiety and can be a game-changer when it comes to managing anxiety disorders. A skilled therapist can help you identify negative thought patterns, develop coping strategies, and gradually face your fears.

Lifestyle Changes and Self-Care

Taking care of yourself physically, mentally, and emotionally is crucial. Engage in regular exercise, prioritize healthy sleep habits, and incorporate relaxation techniques such as deep breathing or mindfulness meditation into your routine. Remember, self-care isn't selfish; it's necessary for your well-being.

Support Systems

Building a strong support system can provide a sense of comfort and understanding. Surround yourself with loved ones who are supportive and non-judgmental. Consider joining support groups or online communities where you can connect with others who share similar experiences.

Stress Management Techniques

Learning effective stress management techniques can help reduce anxiety. Find what works best for you, whether it's practicing yoga, journaling, engaging in hobbies, or listening to calming music. Experiment and discover activities that help you unwind and relax.


Congratulations! You've reached the end of our journey through understanding anxiety disorders. We've explored the different types of anxiety disorders, their symptoms, and effective coping strategies. Remember, seeking professional help is essential, and there is no shame in reaching out for support. You're not alone in this journey, and with time, patience, and the right tools, you can learn to manage anxiety and live a fulfilling life.

Stay empowered, and take small steps each day towards a brighter, calmer future. You've got this!

Reach out to us at and click “Schedule Your Session Now.”

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